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NOKIHWESTLRN 
UNIVERSITY 

EVANSTON and CHICAGO 



GENERAL CATALOGUE 

OF THE 

DENTAL SCHOOL 

1912—1913 




NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY BUILDING 

LAKE AND DEARBORN STREETS 

CHICAGO 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/announcementofco191213nort 



Northwestern 
University 

EVANSTON and CHICAGO 



GENERAL CATALOGUE 

OF THE 

DENTAL SCHOOL 

1912-1913 




Published by the University 
June, 1912 



NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



President, Abram Winegardner Harris, ScD., LL.D. 



OFFICERS BOARD OF TRUSTEES 

William Deering, Honorary President 

William Fraser McDowell, D.D President 

Oliver Harvey Horton, LL.D First Vice-President 

James A. Patten Second Vice-President 

Frank Philip Crandon, A.M Secretary and Auditor 

John Richard Lindgren Treasurer 

William Andrew Dyche, A.M Asst. Sec'y and Business Mgr. 

GENERAL EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 

John Lewis Alabaster William Fraser McDowell 

William Liston Brown William Smith Mason 

Frank Phillip Crandon George Peck Merrick 

William Deering James A. Patten 

William Andrew Dyche Irwin Rew 

Henry Howard Gage Joseph Schaffner 
Abram Winegardner Harris Edward Foster Swift 

Oliver Harvey Horton Charles Pinckney Wheeler 

John Richard Lindgren Milton Hollyday Wilson 



a 1 e n d a r 
1912-1913. 



1912. 
October 


1 


Tuesday 


Academic year begins 


October 9 


-15 


( Wednesday 
( to Tuesday 


Examinations for advanced standing 


November 28 


Thursday 


Thanksgiving Day 


December 

1913. 
January 


21 
30 


Saturday 
Thursday 


Christmas Recess to January 1, Wednes- 
day, inclusive 

Mid-year examinations begin 


February 


7 


Friday 


Second semester begins 


February 


12 


Wednesday 


Lincoln's Birthday 


February 


22 


Saturday 


Washington's Birthday 


May 


23 


Friday 


Senior examinations begin 


May 


29 


Thursday 


Junior and Freshman examinations be- 


May 


30 


Friday 


gin 
Memorial Day, 


June 


9 


Monday 


Alumni and Commencement banquet 


June 


10 


Tuesday 


Home Coming Alumni Clinic 


June 


11 


Wednesday 


FIFTY-FIFTH ANNUAL COMMENCEMENT 


June 


12 


Thursday 


Practitioner's Course begins 


July 


9 


Wednesday 


Practitioner's Course ends 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 



The Faculty 

Abram Winegardner Harris, ScD., LL.D. 
President 

Greene Vardiman Black, J#.D., D.D.S., Sc.D., LL.D. 

Professor of Special Pathology, Operative Dentistry, Bacteriology, Materia 
Medica, and Therapeutics; Dean 

Charles Rudolph Edward Koch, D.D.S. 
Lecturer on Dental Economics; Secretary 

Thomas Lewis Gilmer, M.D., Sc.D., D.D.S. 
Professor of Oral Surgery 

Edmund Noyes, D.D.S. 
Professor of Dental Jurisprudence and Ethics 

James Harrison Prothero, D.D.S. 
Professor of Prosthetic Technics, Prosthetic Dentistry, and Metallography 

Frederick Bogue Noyes, A.B., D.D.S. 

Professor of Histology 

Twing Brooks Wiggin, M.D. 
Professor of Physiology and Pathology 

George Amos Dorsey, Ph.D. 
Professor of Comparative Anatomy 

Charles Louis Mix, A.M., M.D. 

Professor of Anatomy 

Ira Benson Sellery, D.D.S. 
Professor of Orthodontia 

Harry Mann Gordin, Ph.D. 
Professor of Chemistry 

Arthur Davenport Black, A.M., M.D., D.D.S. 
Assistant Professor of Operative Dentistry, and Assistant in Oral Surgery 

Eugene Shaw Willard, D.D.S. 
Assistant Professor of Operative Dentistry and Bacteriology 

Fred William Gethro, D.D.S. 
Assistant Professor of Operative Dentistry and Dental Anatomy 

Harry Isaac Van Tuyl, B.S., M.D., D.D.S. 

Assistant Professor of Anatomy 

George Corwin Poundstone, D.D.S. 

Assistant Professor of Special Pathology, Materia Medica, and Therapeutics 

Clayton Frank Bloomfield Stowell, D.D.S. 

Assistant Professor of Comparative Anatomy ; Demonstrator in Extracting 

Herbert Anthony Potts, M.D., D.D.S. 

Lecturer on Anaesthesia, and Assistant in Oral Surgery 



NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 

Jesse William Ritter, D.D.S. 
Assistant in Histology, Bacteriology and Prosthetic Dentistry 

James William Birkland, D.D.S. 
Clinical Instructor in Operative Dentistry 

George Buchanan Macfarlane, D.D.S. 
Clinical Instructor in Operative Dentistry 

Hillis Talley Brown, D.D.S. 
Instructor in Anatomy 

Jay Kaplan, Ph.C. 
Assistant in Chemistry 

George Edwin Smith, D.D.S. 
Demonstrator in Prosthetic Dentistry 



Demonstrators for 191 1 -19 12 

Martin Loryn Johnson, D.D.S. 
Demonstrator in Charge of the Examining Room 

Michael Joseph Buckley, D.D.S. 
Special Demonstrator in Orthodontia and Operative Dentistry 

Francis Joseph Hemmer, D.D.S. 
Demonstrator in Prosthetic Dentistry 

Carl Martin Holland, D.D.S. 
Demonstrator in Operative Dentistry 

Nils Tuveson, D.D.S. 
Demonstrator in Prosthetic Dentistry 

Walter Mann Pruyn, D.D.S. 
Demonstrator in Dental Anatomy and Operative Technics 

Herman John Lund, D.D.S. 
Demonstrator in Operative Dentistry 

Andrew Tiernan, D.D.S. 
Demonstrator in Operative Dentistry 

Earl Todd Young, D.D.S. 
Demonstrator in Operative Dentistry 

Floyd DeWitte Leach, D.D.S. 
Demonstrator in Dental Anatomy and Operative Technics 

Walter LeRoy Wilson, D.D.S. 
Demonstrator in Prosthetic Technics 



The Dental School 

THE DENTAL SCHOOL was founded and is maintained for 
the purpose of preparing young men and young women in the 
most thorough manner for the practice of dentistry, and for 
the promotion of dental science and dental literature. 

The Dental School was organized in 1887 and three years later 
became a department of the University. In 1896 it absorbed the 
American College of Dental Surgery and for some years occupied the 
building on Franklin and Madison Streets, Chicago, formerly occu- 
pied by that school. It is now located in Northwestern University 
Building, at the corner of Lake and Dearborn Streets, Chicago, 
occupying the upper three floors of the building, over 60,000 square 
feet. 

The Clinic Room, sufficient in extent to accommodate the great 
clinic and the offices connected with it, is of the best design of con- 
struction, consisting of a single room with arched ceiling. It is on 
the sixth floor, with free light on two sides and abundant skylight. 
Adjoining the Operative Clinic is the Prosthetic Clinic, and on the 
same floor is the senior Prosthetic laboratory for crown and bridge 
work, the laboratory for porcelain and cast metal inlay work, an 
impression room, and two rooms and waiting room for extracting. 
The lecture rooms, three in number, are arranged on the amphi- 
theater plan; each accommodates 225 students. Two are for the 
ordinary class lecture work, and one for the Oral Surgery clinic 
which has a waiting-room for surgical patients, a room for diagnosis 
and the preparation of patients, and a recovery room with sufficient 
beds for the temporary care of patients. Other rooms are the Ana- 
tomical laboratory, which is placed well apart, the first year and the 
second year Prosthetic laboratories, the Operative Technic labora- 
tory, the first year and the second year Chemical laboratories, the 
laboratory for Histology and Bacteriology, the photographic labora- 
tory, the museum, the reading room and library. 

Northwestern University Building is in the transportation cen- 
ter of over three millions of people living within a radius of forty 
miles, a location especially advantageous for obtaining the great 
number of clinical patients needed in a dental school. 



NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



Admission and Instruction 

A candidate for admission to the Dental School may be accepted 
upon presentation of a diploma or equivalent certificate from an ac- 
credited high school or kindred educational institution, or upon 
passing a satisfactory examination. The diploma must be signed by a 
superintendent of schools, the principal of a high school, or other 
responsible school officer. A certificate showing that a candidate has 
been graduated from an accredited high school, or from a school giving 
an equivalent course, signed by a city or county superintendent of 
schools, or by a state superintendent of public instruction, will be 
accepted as the equivalent of a diploma. A candidate who does not 
present such diploma or certificate must take an examination before a 
state superintendent of public instruction, or his deputy, and bring 
a report showing that the candidate has a preliminary education 
equivalent to that to be obtained in an accredited high school. 

This School will receive no student who is not present within 
ten days after the opening day of the session in each year, or in 
case of necessary delays, by reason of illness properly certified by 
the attending physician, within twenty days after the opening day. 

Students registering agree thereby to accept the discipline im- 
posed by the Faculty. 

It is desirable that students should register early, since the order 
of assignment of seats in the lecture halls is based upon the order 
of registration. 

ADMISSION TO ADVANCED STANDING 

Students from high schools and colleges, wishing credit for courses 
parallel to courses required in this School, should bring credentials 
showing the time spent on these subjects and should present their 
note books written in these courses. 

Students who present certificates from other recognized dental 
schools covering subjects required in this School w T ill be credited 
with such studies if the credentials are satisfactory to the Dean and 
to the professors in the respective departments, but when admitted 
to the third year the candidate must do one full year's work in 
this School. Graduates in medicine are credited with one year of 
time. 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 7 

Course for the Degree of Doctor of Dental Surgery 

The course covers three years. The year begins on the first 
Tuesday in October and closes on Commencement Day of the Uni- 
versity in June. There are thirty-two weeks of actual instruction 
given, six days in each week. 

Students for the regular course are received only during the first 
ten days of the first semester. Students desiring to pursue special 
studies may be received at any time. 

For regular students who desire to extend their studies to four 
or more years, a special arrangement of studies will be provided. 

A post graduate, or practitioner's course has been specially ar- 
ranged which begins the day after Commencement in each year, and 
continues during four weeks thereafter. 

METHODS OF INSTRUCTION 

The studies of the course are grouped by departments, the work 
of each department proceeding from the general and fundamental 
subjects to the specialized and advanced. 

The work in the departments is planned with reference to that 
of other departments, and the greatest care is taken that the whole 
shall be so correlated that the student in taking up a new subject 
will find himself prepared by work done in other departments. 

Schedule of Courses 

Students are expected to take the courses in the order enumer- 
ated, but some deviation from this rule may be allowed in cases 
approved by the Faculty. 

Each of the departments is presented under the headings as given 
in the table below, separately and completely, and in alphabetical 
order, and courses are described fully in the order of the letters. 

FIRST YEAR WORK 

Anatomy a, b, c, d. Dental Anatomy a, b. 

Chemistry a, b, c, d. Physiology a, b, c, d. 

Histology a, b, c. Prosthetic Technics a, b, c, d, e. 
Operative Technics c, d, e, f, g, h. 

SECOND YEAR WORK 

Anatomy e, f, g. Operative Dentistry i, j, k. 

Chemistry e, f, g, h. General Pathology a, b. 

Histology d, e, f, g. Physiology e, f. 

Materia Medica and Therapeutics Prosthetic Dentistry f, g, h, i. 
a, b, c. 



NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



THIRD YEAR WORK 

Comparative Anatomy, a. 

Ethics, Jurisprudence, and Dental Anaesthesia, g, h, i. 

Economics, a, b. Orthodontia, a, b, c. 

Operative Dentistry, 1, m, n, o, Pathology and Therapeutics, a, b, 

p, q. c, d, e, f, g, h. 

Bacteriology, r, s. Prosthetic Dentistry, j, k, 1. 
Oral Surgery, a, b, c, d, e, f. 



Anatomy 

PROFESSOR MIX, PROFESSOR VAN TUYL, DR. BROWN, AND ASSISTANTS 

The equipment of the department of anatomy is new and com- 
plete. The large Anatomical Laboratory, on the top floor of the 
building, is well lighted on the east and south by numerous windows, 
and in the center of the room by a large skylight. The ventilation 
is perfect. The equipment includes thirty-six dissecting tables of 
the latest pattern, of metal with plate-glass tops. The floor is water- 
proof and has such drainage that it can be flooded with hose and 
kept thoroughly clean. Skeletons are provided for the use of the 
students. On payment of a small deposit bones may be taken for 
home study. 

FIRST YEAR 

a. Visceral Anatomy, Introductory Course — First third of first 
semester. Two lectures and demonstrations a w T eek. Professor Mix. 

b. Human Dissections — One three-hour period a week. Pro- 
fessor Mix, Professor Van Tuyl, Dr. Brown, and assistants. 

c. Anatomy of the Extremities — Two lectures a week. Pro- 
fessor Mix. 

d. Recitations on Lectures and Dissections — Two hours a week. 
Professor Van Tuyl and assistants. 

SECOND YEAR 

e. The Head and Neck — Two lectures a week. Professor Mix. 

f. Human Dissections — Two three-hour periods a week. Pro- 
fessor Mix, Professor Van Tuyl, Dr. Brown, and assistants. 

g. Recitations on Dissections — Two hours a week. Professor 
Van Tuyl. 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 



Chemistry 

PROFESSOR GORDIN AND ASSISTANTS 

The Chemical Laboratories, exclusively for dental students, are 
large, well ventilated, and complete in every respect. One laboratory 
is devoted to General Chemistry and Qualitative Analysis, another is 
arranged with special reference to the experimental teaching of 
Metallurgy and to other practical applications of chemistry of in- 
terest to dental students. In addition to the main laboratories, there 
are large dispensing rooms, a balance room well equipped with bal- 
ances and apparatus for testing the physical properties of metals, 
amalgams, etc., and a room covered with a hood for carrying off 
fumes, and equipped for alloying, assaying and refining. 

FIRST YEAR 

a. General and Inorganic Chemistry — Lectures and recitations. 
First semester. Two hours a week. Professor Gordin. 

b. Chemical Laboratory — Illustrative experiments in General 
and Inorganic Chemistry. First semester. Six hours a week. Pro- 
fessor Gordin and assistants. 

c. General and Inorganic Chemistry — Lectures and recitations. 
Second semester. Two hours a week. Professor Gordin. 

d. Laboratory — The metals and their compounds. Qualitative 
chemical analysis of unknown mixtures, particularly bases and al- 
loys. Second semester. Six hours a week. Professor Gordin and 
assistants. 

SECOND YEAR 

e. Organic Chemistry — Lectures and quizzes. One hour a week. 
Professor Gordin. 

f. Laboratory — Quantitative chemical analysis of dental alloys, 
etc. Refining of gold, silver and other metals. Laboratory study 
of cements and other filling materials. Assay of dental alloys for 
gold, silver, tin, platinum. Practical problems of dental chemistry. 
First semester. Three hours a week. Professor Gordin and as- 
sistants. 

g. Laboratory — Illustrative experiments in Organic Chemistry. 
Analysis of saliva. Urine analysis. Second Semester. Three hours 
a week. Professor Gordin and assistants. 



10 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 

Comparative Dental Anatomy 

PROFESSOR DORSEY 

(Note. — In the absence of Professor Dorsey the subject will be pre- 
sented by Assistant Professor Stowell.) 

It is the design of the department to give in a concise form a 
view of the animal kingdom and its classifications, especially of the 
vertebrates, the forms of teeth in relation to food habits, and as 
weapons of offense and defense; a study of the extinct species of 
animals of the several classes, variations in tooth forms, illustrating 
development through the geological ages; the history of the changes 
from the simple forms to the complex forms now existing. The 
Museum of the Dental School is especially rich in skulls of the sev- 
eral orders of the animal kingdom, and furnishes illustrations for 
the study of all of the known tooth forms. The great collection of 
the Field Columbian Museum is available for illustration and study. 

THIRD YEAR 

a. Evolution — The meaning of similarity of structure; natural 
selection; changes in organs; correlation of growth between parts; 
principles of heredity and of fixity of species; tooth forms; defini- 
tions and descriptions of the varieties of forms; the typical mamma- 
lian dentation; classification of the animal kingdom, with concise 
descriptions of the typical characteristics of each. First semester. 
Two lectures a week. Professor Stowell. 



Professional Ethics, Dental Jurisprudence, and 
Economics 

PROFESSOR EDMUND NOYES AND DR. KOCH 

This work consists of a brief statement of the important prin- 
ciples of morals; an exposition of the special duties and moral obli- 
gations of professional men to their patients, their fellow practi- 
tioners, and the public; the more important contrasts between the 
proper ethical standard of the professions and those of business or 
manufacturing pursuits. 

The lectures on Jurisprudence follow, in the main, the text-book 
by Dr. Rehfuss, and include qualification and duty of expert wit- 
nesses, the importance of dental records, the limitations of dental 
practice, the qualifications required and the liabilities incurred, the 
penalties that may be suffered, and the defense to be made in case 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 11 



of alleged malpractice; the laws respecting the practice of dentistry, 
the steps necessary to become legal practitioners, and the duties 
and liabilities of dentists with reference to the law. 

THIRD YEAR 

a. Ethics — Elementary principles of ethics; professional ethics; 
state laws relating to dentistry; Illinois dental law; dental juris- 
prudence; general review. Second semester. One lecture a week. 
Professor Edmund Noyes. 

b. Dental Economics — This course was established to equip the 
increasing number of students without previous preceptorship in a 
dental office with a knowledge of the business side of dental prac- 
tice. The work embraces practice building, methods of obtaining 
and retaining patients, business relations between the dentist and 
his patients, fees, accounts, records of operations, presentation and 
collection of accounts, methods of economy in the conduct of an 
office. Second semester. One lecture a week. Dr. Koch. 



Histology 

PROFESSOR F. B. NOYES AND ASSISTANTS 

The department is provided with a large laboratory, fitted with 
seventy-one hardwood desks, each furnished with reagents, lockers, 
a compound microscope with lenses and condensers, electric lights, 
and other conveniences for preparation of specimens and micro- 
scopic study. It is provided also with a stereopticon and projecting 
microscope for demonstration purposes. Adjoining this large lab- 
oratory, there are a professor's study, and preparation laboratory 
with a photographic room fully equipped with all necessary appa- 
ratus. 

The laboratory classes are usually divided into sections of not 
more than fifty students. This work has been greatly aided by a 
large collection of lantern slides from photo-micrographs and framed 
photographic prints; and by a large histological museum containing 
sets of microscopic slides sufficient in number on any given subject 
for a full section of the class, illustrating not only the ordinary soft 
tissues, but also the peridental membranes, dental pulp, periosteum, 
and ground sections of the teeth. These microscopic slides and 
sections, together with those stained and mounted by the students. 
are used by the classes for purposes of study. 



12 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



FIRST YEAR 

a. Lecture Course — The construction and the use of the micro- 
scope. A study of cell structure and functions, of the elementary 
tissues; histology of the organs; circulatory, lymphatic, alimentary 
tract, and accessory glands, respiratory system, urinary organs, and 
skin. One lecture a week. Professor F. B. Noyes. 

b. Laboratory Course — A laboratory study of the subjects of 
the lecture course. One three-hour period a week. Professor F. B. 
Noyes, and assistants. 

c. Quizzes and Recitations* — One hour a week. 

SECOND YEAR 

d. The Dental Tissues — Enamel; the peridental membranes; 
periosteum; bone; mucous membranes and other soft tissues of the 
mouth. One and two-thirds semesters. One lecture a week. Pro- 
fessor F. B. Noyes. 

e. Embryology — A short course. One lecture a week. One- 
third of a semester. Professor F. B. Noyes. 

f. Laboratory Course — A laboratory study of the subjects of 
lecture courses d and e. One three-hour period a week. Professor 
F. B. Noyes and assistants. 

g. Quizzes and Recitations — One hour a week. 



Physiology 

PROFESSOR WIGGIN 

The work in Physiology includes a course of two lectures a week 
and text-book study with quizzes, in the first year; in the second 
year the subject is continued, one lecture a week, devoted mainly 
to the brain, nervous system, and to the functions of reproduction. 

FIRST YEAR 

a. General Physiology — The structure of the elementary tissue; 
the chemical composition of the body; the blood; the circulation of 
the blood. First semester. Two lectures a week. Professor Wiggin. 

b. Quizz Class Work — In sections. First semester. Two hours 
a week. 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 13 

c. Respiration — Secretion; food digestion; metabolism; nutri- 
tion and diet; animal heat; excretion; muscle; nerve physiology; 
production of voice. Second semester. Two lectures a week. Pro- 
fessor Wiggin. 

d. Quizz Class Work — In two sections. Second semester. Two 
hours a week. 

SECOND YEAR 

e. The Central Nervous System — Brain; spinal cord; reproduc- 
tive organs; development. Lectures and recitations. One hour a 
week. Professor Wiggin. 

f. Quizz Class Work — In sections. Two hours a week. 

General Pathology 

PROFESSOR WIGGIN 

This course is essential to the student's understanding of gen- 
eral pathological conditions, and forms the basis of his studies of 
the special pathology of the tissues of the teeth, the membranes of 
the teeth; the correlated tissues, and the organs of the mouth. 

SECOND YEAR 

a. Etiology of Disease — Disorders of nutrition and metabolism; 
diabetes; fever; general circulatory disturbances; local hyperemia; 
local anemia; hemorrhage; embolism; infarction; thrombosis; retro- 
gressive processes; atrophy; infiltrations and degenerations; necrosis; 
inflammation; progressive tissue changes; neoplasms; infections; 
granulomata; bacteria, and diseases caused by them. Lectures and 
recitations. One hour a week. Professor Wiggin. 

b. Quizz Class in Sections — Second semester. Two hours a 
week. 

Operative Dentistry, Pathology and Bacteriology 

PROFESSOR G. V. BLACK, PROFESSOR A. D. BLACK, PROFESSOR WILLARD, 

PROFESSOR GETHRO, DR. BIRKLAND, DR. MACFARLANE, 

AND ASSISTANTS 

Operative Dentistry in some of its forms is presented to the 
student from the time he enters the school to his graduation. In 
the first semester of the first year he makes a study of the human 
teeth, or dental anatomy. Operative technics is presented in the 



14 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 

second semester and includes studies of the forms and nomenclature 
of the instruments used in operations on the teeth, of the prepara- 
tion of cavities for filling, of filling materials and their manipulation. 

The second year includes a lecture course with demonstrations 
on the technical procedures in filling teeth, and the student begins 
practical operations in the clinic room. 

The third year includes a review of the technical procedures in 
filling operations, followed by a careful study of the pathology of 
dental caries, and the adaptation of means to its amelioration and 
cure. 

The Clinic Rooms, built especially for the purpose, have abundant 
room with the best of light. They are well equipped with Colum- 
bia operating chairs in ample number for the classes. 

The Operative Infirmary Clinic is under the direct supervision 
of the Professor of Operative Dentistry. The student begins this 
work with the opening of his second year and continues it to the 
end of the third year; the time given to it is much greater in the 
third year than in the second. It is the intention that this infirmary 
practice shall be as much like an actual dental practice as possible. 
The development of the ability to obtain and hold a practice, or the 
professional courtesy of an operator toward his patient essential to 
personal success, is regarded equal in importance to the development 
of manipulative ability. 

The clinic rooms are open through the whole year for the 
benefit of students who may wish to have greater experience in 
clinical practice under competent supervision. The number of dem- 
onstrators during the summer is sufficient for the class that chooses 
to remain with the school. The clinical material is ample and ex- 
cellent opportunity is offered for clinical practice. 

Dental Anatomy 

FIRST YEAR 

a. Descriptive Anatomy of the Human Teeth — Nomenclature. 
First semester. One lecture or recitation a week. Professor Gethro. 

b. Laboratory Course — Studies of the forms of individual teeth; 
carving the tooth forms in bone or ivory; dissections and studies 
of the internal parts — pulp chambers and root canals. First semes- 
ter. Nine hours a week. Professor Gethro and assistant. 

Operative Technics 

FIRST YEAR 

c. Instruments and Instrumentation — A study of instrument 
forms, instrument construction, and the adaptation of instruments 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 15 

to the excavation of cavities. First third of second semester. One 
lecture a week. Professor Gethro. 

d. Laboratory Course — First third of second semester. Nine 
hours a week. Professor Gethro and assistants. 

e. Cavity Nomenclature — A study of the location of cavities in 
extracted teeth, of the forms of prepared cavities, of the naming 
of internal parts of cavities, and of the use of instruments in their 
preparation. Second third of second semester. One lecture a week. 
Professor Gethro. 

f. Laboratory Course — Second third of second semester. Nine 
hours a week. Professor Gethro and assistants. 

g. Filling Materials and Filling Teeth — Third third of second 
semester. One lecture a week. 

h. Laboratory Practice — Filling materials and filling prepared 
cavities; extracted teeth, ivory, or bone. Third third of second 
semester. Nine hours a week. Professor Gethro and assistants. 

SECOND YEAR 

i. Technical Procedures in Cavity Preparation — Cavity nomen- 
clature; cavity preparation; principles, instruments and appliances, 
and instrumentation; cavity preparation, by classes of cavities. One 
lecture and recitation a week throughout the year. Professor Gethro. 

j. Technical Procedures in Filling Teeth — Filling materials; 
instruments and instrumentation, physics of filling operations, and of 
finishing fillings. Porcelain inlays; preparation of cavities; formation 
of matrix; making and inserting inlays; gold inlays. Filling with 
amalgam, cements, gutta-percha. Exposure and removal of dental 
pulp. Preparation and filling of root canals. One lecture and 
recitation a week throughout the year. Professor A. D. Black. 

k. Operative Clinic — Open to second year students four hours 
a day during the entire season. Operations amounting to one hun- 
dred points required in gold, and one hundred points in amalgam. 
Professor A. D. Black and assistants. 

THIRD YEAR 

1. Review of Technical Procedures in Filling Teeth — One lec- 
ture or recitation per week throughout the year. Professor Willard. 
m. Pathology of Dental Caries — Bacteriology of the human 
mouth ; causative relation of bacteria to dental caries ; caries of 
enamel; caries of dentin; inception and progress of dental caries; 
conditions of the beginning of dental caries; systemic causes of den- 
tal caries; susceptibility and immunity to dental caries; vital phe- 
nomena in dental caries; hyperesthesia of dentin; treatment of den- 



16 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 

tal caries; curative effect of fillings; selection of filling materials. 
First semester. One lecture or recitation a week. Professor A. D. 
Black. 

n. Management of Patients — Cleanliness ; evil habits in chewing 
food, and their correction. Management of special conditions. Man- 
agement of cavities by classes; extension for prevention and its lim- 
itations; esthetic considerations. Erosions, management of cases of 
erosion. Atrophy; management of cases of atrophy. First half of 
second semester. One lecture or recitation a week. Professor A. D. 
Black. 

o. The Childhood Periods — Management of children; the spe- 
cial pathological conditions of the teeth, their membranes, the gums, 
etc. ; treatment of caries of the deciduous teeth. The shedding of the 
deciduous teeth; accidents of the shedding process. Growth and ab- 
sorption of the roots of deciduous teeth. Growth to completion and 
reduction of the size of the apical foramen of the permanent teeth. 
Second half of second semester. One lecture or recitation a week. 
Professor A. D. Black. 

p. Operative Clinics — Open to third year students from 10:30 
to 5:30 daily during term time. Operations amounting to two 
hundred points are required in gold, and two hundred points in 
amalgam. Professor G. V. Black, Dr. Ritter, and assistants. 

q. Special Fillings — Fillings are made under the instruction and 
immediate supervision of the special clinical instructors, and later full 
written descriptions of the conditions indicating the operation, the 
instrumentation and choice of instruments used, are submitted for 
grading as to excellence. Dr. Macfarlane and Dr. Birkland. 

Bacteriology 

A combined lecture, recitation, and laboratory course. The 
equipment includes culture ovens, sterilizers, conveniences for han- 
dling test tubes and for making culture media. 

THIRD YEAR 

r. Principles of Bacteriology — The preparation of culture me- 
dia; management of laboratory cultures; distinguishing varieties of 
micro-organisms in laboratory cultures; physiology of micro-organ- 
isms; poisons produced by micro-organisms; diseases caused by micro- 
organisms, particularly those of the teeth and mouth; susceptibility 
and immunity to diseases. One lecture a week. Professor Willard. 

s. Laboratory Work — Preparation of culture media; planting 
and management of cultures; separation of species in mixed cul- 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 17 

tures; deriving pure cultures from infected animals; cultures from 
saliva, from mucous membranes and from carious teeth; staining, 
mounting, and microscopic studies; diagnosis of unknowns. Three 
hours a week. Professor Willard. 

Oral Surgery 

PROFESSOR GILMER, PROFESSOR A. D. BLACK, DR. POTTS, AND ASSISTANTS 

The course embraces instruction in the general principles of sur- 
gery and in the practical application of surgery to pathological con- 
ditions occurring in or about the mouth and face, giving special 
attention to diagnosis and recognition of conditions. 

The subject of Anaesthetics and Anaesthesia is presented in de- 
tail in lectures, in experiments on animals, in the clinic, in the oral 
surgery and daily in the extracting clinic. Nitrous oxide is used gen- 
erally in the extracting clinic, and ether and chloroform in the oral 
surgery clinic. Local anaesthesia is exhibited frequently in the clinic 
in cases to which it is adapted. 

THIRD YEAR 

a. Surgical Bacteriology — Inflammation; suppuration; wounds; 
hemorrhage; necrosis; caries of bones; diseases of the maxillary 
sinus; resection of roots; tetanus; ankylosis; arthritis; facial neural- 
gia; fractures; dislocations; extraction of teeth; malposition of third 
molars; impacted teeth; replantation, transplantation, and implan- 
tation of teeth; cleft palate and harelip; affections of the lips, 
tongue and mouth; tumors; odontomes, ranula; cysts; aneurisms. One 
lecture a week. Professor Gilmer. 

b. Recitations and Quizzes — One and one-half hours a week. 
Professor A. D. Black. 

c. Surgical Clinic — Two hours a week throughout the year. 
Professor Gilmer, nurses from St. Luke's Hospital, Dr. A. D. Black, 
and Dr. Potts. 

d. Special Clinical Instruction — Diagnosis and case histories. 
One hour a week. Professor A. D. Black. 

e. After-Treatment of Surgical Cases — By students, under 
direction of Professor Gilmer. 

f. Clinic in the Extraction of Teeth, daily — Open to second 
and third year students. Dr. Stowell. 

g. The Evolution of General Surgical Anaesthesia — State of the 
patient; nature of operation; choice of anaesthetic; prolonged den- 



18 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 

tal operations; circumstances of administration; inspection and ex- 
amination of patients; general anaesthetic agents; local and regional 
anaesthetics, dangers of anaesthesia. Second semester. One hour 
a week. Dr. Potts. 

h. Clinical Administration of Anaesthetics — Oral surgery clinic. 
Two hours a week. Dr. Potts. 

i. Clinical Exhibition of Nitrous Oxid Anaesthesia — Daily in 
extracting clinic. Dr. Stowell. 

Special Pathology 

Materia Medica and Therapeutics 
professor g. v. black, professor poundstone, and assistants 

Materia Medica is taught in a series of lectures, quizzes, and reci- 
tations, with demonstrations and experimental studies. There is also 
a laboratory study of the most useful methods of preparing drugs 
for medicinal purposes, with experimental studies of their therapeu- 
tic or toxic action. The course is richly illustrated throughout. 
Abundant practice is given in prescription writing. The great 
clinic, to which students have access throughout the year, gives 
ample opportunity to witness the application and therapeutic effects 
of drugs, and to obtain clinical practice. 

SECOND YEAR 

a. 'The Sources and Various Forms of Drugs — General and lo- 
cal action of drugs; agencies that modify the action of drugs; the 
art of prescribing medicines; a critical study of about one hundred 
drugs, classified according to their therapeutic and toxic action; a 
special laboratory study of escharotics, germicides, antiseptics, de- 
odorizers. Systematic medication for dental purposes; dental prophy- 
laxis; the use of germicides, antiseptics, escharotics, and astringents 
in dentistry. First semester. Two lectures a week. Second semester. 
One lecture a week. Prefessor Poundstone. 

Lectures and Recitations — Professor Poundstone. 
b. Theses — Each student is required to write five theses, of not 
less than three hundred words each, on subjects assigned. 

c. Clinical Practice — The Infirmary is open to second year stu- 
dents four hours a day for the observation of conditions requiring 
the use of drugs and for clinical practice in their treatment. Each 
student is required to make one hundred points in clinical experience. 
See also Special Pathology and Therapeutics. 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 19 



Special Pathology and Therapeutics 

In dental practice this is a department of operative dentistry. It 
includes a study of the diseases and the abnormal conditions of the 
pulps of the teeth, of the membranes of the teeth, of the immediate 
surrounding soft tissues and bones, and the mucous membranes of 
the mouth. See also Oral Surgery. 

THIRD YEAR 

d. Revieiu of the Structure and Functions of the Dental Pulp — 
Hyperemia and inflammation of the pulp; capping exposed pulps; 
obtunding sensitive dentin. Pulp devitalization; pulp removal; 
treatment of canals; root filling; suppuration; the healing process; 
immunity and susceptibility; suppuration of the dental pulp; alveolar 
abscess; absorption of roots of teeth and of bone; caries of bone; 
necrosis. A study of germicides and antiseptics with laboratory tests. 
Bleaching teeth. First semester. One lecture a week. Professor 
G. V. Black. 

e. Peridental Membranes — Review of histological structures; 
simple gingivitis; calcic inflammation; phagadenic pericementitis; 
replantation and transplantation of teeth; functions of the mucous 
membranes of the mouth; stomatitis; prophylaxis; mouth hygiene. 
First half of second semester. One lecture a week. Professor G. V. 
Black. 

f. Preventive Treatment and Oral Prophylaxis — Preventive meas- 
ures which may be employed by both dentist and patient. Cleanliness 
and care in relation to the health of the soft tissues. The rela- 
tion between operative and prosthetic procedures to the diseases of 
the soft tissues. Second half second semester. One lecture a week. 
Professor G. V. Black. 

g. Quizzes, one hour per week throughout the year. Professor 
Willard. 

h. Clinical Practice — In addition to the above courses, third year 
students are required to make two hundred points in practical treat- 
ments in the Infirmary clinic, and to send in for examination and 
criticism a complete history of the conditions found and the treat- 
ment record of each ten cases. 

Orthodontia 

PROFESSOR SELLERY, DR. BUCKLEY, AND ASSISTANTS 

Orthodontia is taught both didactically and clinically. Proceed- 
ing from the normal occlusion, derangements of the alignment of the 



20 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 

teeth and malformations of the dental arch are systematically classi- 
fied, and mechanical arrangements of fixtures for bringing the sev- 
eral classes of irregularities into normal form are carefully studied. 
Text-books: Angle, Guilford, Knapp. Lantern slides from pho- 
tographs, X-ray pictures, and models of cases are used. 

THIRD YEAR 

a. Occlusion and Facial AH — Etiology, classification, diagnosis 
of malocclusion. The alveolus and alveolar processes, the peridental 
membranes, and use of models. First semester. One lecture a week. 
Professor Sellery. 

b. Regulating Appliances, Angle, Guilford, Knapp — Anchor- 
ages, jack screws, levers, traction screws, extension arch and combi- 
nations, split plates, reciprocal anchorages, retention. Illustrated 
with models, with movable teeth and enlarged appliances. Stere- 
opticon views, illustrating progressive regulation and final fixation. 
Second semester. One lecture a week. Professor Sellery. 

c. Clinic or Infirmary Course — Open to students during first 
and second semesters for practical work in the correction of practical 
cases. Professor Sellery, Dr. Buckley, and assistants. 

Prosthetic Dentistry 

PROFESSOR PROTHERO, DR. RITTER, AND ASSISTANTS 

The Prosthetic Technic Laboratory and the Junior Prosthetic 
Laboratory are situated on the fifth floor; and the Senior Prosthetic 
Laboratory, the porcelain and inlay laboratory are situated on the 
sixth floor, adjacent to the crown and bridge room. All are well 
supplied with outside light, and also are equipped completely with 
electric lights. 

Each laboratory is furnished with electric lathes for grinding and 
polishing. The Junior Laboratory is completely equipped with the 
heavier laboratory appliances, such as vulcanizers, celluloid presses, 
and apparatus for casting aluminum plates. The Prosthetic Lab- 
oratory, for the use of second and third year students, and devoted 
to practical operations for patients, is equipped with the appliances 
necessary for modern prosthetic dentistry, including compressed air 
for blow pipe work. The adjacent porcelain and gold inlay labora- 
tory is fitted with electric furnaces and with gasoline furnaces and 
various kinds of swaging devices and casting apparatus for gold- 
inlay work. The crown and bridge room, for practical prosthetic 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 21 

operations, is equipped with thirty modern operating chairs and a 
sufficient number of electric connections. 

FIRST YEAR 

a. Prosthetic Technics — This course covers the fundamental 
principles of denture construction and crown and bridge work, and 
accompanies the laboratory course. First semester. One lecture a 
week. Professor Prothero. 

Quiz and Recitation Work — First Semester. One hour a week. 

b. Laboratory Course — Impression taking, model constructing, 
occluding, waxing, flasking; packing, vulcanizing, and finishing par- 
tial and full artificial dentures. First semester. Nine hours a week. 
Professor Prothero, and assistants. 

c. Metallography — A descriptive course on the nature and phys« 
ical properties of metals, especially those used in dentistry, with 
fundamental principles of their uses; the manipulation of metals, 
swaging, annealing, solders, and soldering, welding, tempering. Sec- 
ond semester. One lecture a week. Professor Prothero. 

d. Quiz or Recitation — On the work of Courses a, b and c. 
Second semester. One hour a week. 

e. Laboratory Course — Construction of dies and counter dies; 
swaging metal bases of German silver; attaching teeth by soldering 
and by vulcanite; construction of crowns and dummies, all metal, 
and metal and porcelain; assembling individual crowns and dum- 
mies to form bridges; constructing and tempering taps and dies of 
steel; drawing wire and tubing suitable for the construction of or- 
thodontia appliances. Second semester. Nine hours a week. Pro- 
fessor Prothero, and assistants. 

SECOND YEAR 

f. Lecture Course — Review of technic principles outlined in 
first year; their application to practical operations in the Infirmary. 
The physical properties of plaster of Paris and other materials em- 
ployed in prosthesis. Muscles of mastication; force of the bite; 
movements of the lower jaw; natural arrangement and occlusion of 
artificial teeth. One lecture a week. Professor Prothero. 

g. Quizz or Recitation — One hour a week. 

h. Laboratory Course — Construction of full metal and partial 
metal base dentures, with teeth attached by soldering and by vulcan- 
ite; construction and application of clasps to partial dentures; ad- 



22 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 

vanced work in crowns and bridges. Nine hours a week. Professor 
Prothero, and assistants. 

i. Prosthetic Clinic — Each student is required to carry to com- 
pletion for patients a number of practical cases, representing each 
of the various classes of prosthesis, amounting to at least one hun- 
dred points in crowns and bridges and one hundred points in plate 
work. Professor Prothero, and assistants. 

THIRD YEAR 

j. A Critical Review — Summary of recent methods and appli- 
ances ; application of porcelain in prosthesis ; baked porcelain crowns ; 
porcelain bridges, full porcelain dentures; methods of cavity prepara- 
tion for porcelain inlays; forming, baking, and setting porcelain 
inlay. Methods of obtaining wax models of cavities, forming in- 
vestments, and casting, and setting gold inlays. The student is 
assigned a series of articles for reading, and is required to present 
a thesis covering the subject named. One lecture a week. Professor 
Prothero. 

k. Laboratory Course — Cast aluminum base dentures; celluloid 
dentures; banded Logan crowns; baked porcelain crowns; porcelain 
bridges; continuous gum dentures. First semester. Six hours a 
week. Professor Prothero, and assistants. 

1. Prosthetic Clinic — Practical pieces of prosthetic work of all 
varieties made and fitted for patients in the Infirmary. Studies of 
the condition of the mucous membranes; the preparation of roots 
for crowns and the abutments of bridges; making and setting crowns 
and bridges, and preparation of cavities and setting porcelain or 
gold inlays. The minimum requirement is two hundred points in 
crowns and bridges and two hundred points in platework. 

The Infirmary is open to students from 10:30 to 5:30 o'clock 
each day during term time. This period is divided between the 
Prosthetic and the Operative Departments, and text-book work and 
general reading. Professor Prothero, Dr. Ritter, and assistants. 

General Statements 

Requirements for Degree 

The degree of Doctor of Dental Surgery is conferred upon stu- 
dents recommended therefor by the Faculty of the School. Candi- 
dates are recommended who have attended the required courses of 
lectures, who have passed satisfactorily all required examinations in 



THEDENTALSCHOOL 23 



the subjects of study, the entire last year having been completed in 
this School; who have completed the required clinical and labora- 
tory work; who in the judgment of the Faculty are of fit moral 
character and are 21 years of age; and who have discharged in full 
all financial obligations to the University. 

The Library and Reading Room 

The Menges Library and Reading Room, named in honor of the 
late Dr. Theodore Menges, occupies, together with the attached 
Journal Reading Room, three thousand feet of floor space. It is 
furnished with reading tables and chairs for about one hundred 
students. The Library contains 3,079 volumes of books on dental 
and collateral subjects; a rich supply of dictionaries and encyclo- 
pedias conveniently placed in the Reading Room for easy consulta- 
tion; and a nearly complete list of the dental journals that have been 
published in the English language, with about 16,000 duplicate num- 
bers. The books most used by the students are duplicated, up to 
six or twelve, and a few to fifteen copies. The books and journals 
may be used in the Reading Room without restriction, and when 
the duplication of volumes will allow, they may be drawn out as a 
circulating library. 

THE MUSEUM 

The Museum is in the Reading Room and is open to inspection 
and study. The cases are arranged to show the specimens to the 
best advantage. 

The comparative anatomy specimens are, with the exception of 
the gorilla and chimpanzee, of which there are full skeletons, heads 
with the teeth. There is a sufficient number of varieties of each of 
the several orders to afford specimens of every kind of tooth form 
and of every variety of placement in mammals, saurians, and snakes, 
with a large variety of fishes. 

The principal specimens of human skulls are, first, an excellent 
mounting of the separated bones of the adult; second, a fine set of 
dissections in a series showing the development of the teeth and the 
roots from the first appearance in the fetus to the full adult devel- 
opment, and illustrating the absorption of the roots of the deciduous 
teeth, the shedding process, and the replacement by permanent teeth ; 
also the absorption of the alveolar processes after the loss of teeth, 
with the changes that occur in the form of the bones of the jaws 
from childhood to old age. This is an exceptionally complete, at- 
tractive, and valuable set of specimens. There is also a variety of 
ordinary human skulls. 



24 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 

The Museum contains also a valuable collection of human teeth 
of abnormal forms; a very full and complete set of specimens illus- 
trating interproximal wear and the flattening of the points of inter- 
proximal contact. It is especially rich in casts of cases of super- 
numerary teeth ; some illustrations of the very early forms of artificial 
teeth, of manufactured porcelain teeth, and of dental instruments, 
illustrating the development in these lines. This collection has 
been made in the School largely by students and by alumni, and 
is being continually increased by donations from those who have met 
with specimens unusual or rare in practice. Such donations are 
requested from all practitioners to assist in building up this great 
museum of abnormal conditions of teeth and of associated parts for 
the benefit of dental education. 

Situation and Surroundings 

The central location of the school and its convenient access from 
every point affords many and peculiar advantages to its students. 
It gives them the widest possible range of choice of residence while 
attending the school, without inconvenience in coming and going. 
It also gives the school the widest range of territory from which 
to draw the extensive clinic so necessary to a great dental school. 
The patients for this clinic come from all parts of the city of Chi- 
cago and its suburbs. The personal influence of the students of the 
school, each one of whom draws from his own friends and acquaint- 
ances, made in and about his place of residence, is an invaluable 
adjunct to the number who come simply as acquaintances of the 
school. Patients who come as the friends of students make up the 
personal clinical practice of the individual student. 

In this the out-of-town students seem to be in no respect less 
favored than the student whose home is in the city. This gaining, 
and holding, a personal clinical practice under the supervision of the 
instructors in the clinic rooms has come to be one of the features 
of this school that has a telling effect upon the after-practice of its 
students. By this plan of work the student not only learns the the- 
ory of practice and the manipulations of practical operations in den- 
tistry, but he passes at once to the work of real experience in build- 
ing a practice for himself; in gaining that skill in professional 
comity and personal manner between himself and his patients, which 
is as necessary to him in after years, in drawing together and main- 
taining a practice, as his knowledge of dental diseases and his skill 
in their treatment. 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 25 



For these reasons the residence of students in groups in widely 
different portions of the city is favored. This also gives the benefits 
of a more homelike life, while giving in the aggregate a far better 
conception of life in a great city and decidedly better opportunity 
to draw upon its advantages, while shunning the disadvantages of 
large gatherings of students in a single locality. 

Chicago is a great city and gives many opportunities to the stu- 
dent who learns to avail himself of them. Lincoln Park on the 
north offers, besides its beautiful pleasure grounds, some extensive 
botanical gardens and winter conservatories, where all manner of 
plants may be enjoyed and studied; a fine zoological collection, 
where a large variety of animal and bird life may be studied, and 
the Museum of Natural History, in which there is a very large 
collection of birds, animals and fossil remains of extinct animal life. 
Jackson and Washington Parks on the south, besides their ex- 
tensive pleasure grounds, also offer splendid botanical gardens and 
winter conservatories, while the Field Columbian Museum offers 
a rare collection of Natural History specimens especially suited for 
the study of comparative dental anatomy, of modern and ancient 
skulls and the condition of the teeth in the various races and types 
of men in different ages. The admission to this museum is free to 
students on presentation of their matriculation tickets to this school. 

Other Libraries 

A number of libraries are accessible to students who have taste 
for study, or for looking up subjects of scientific or literary interest, 
or in connection with special studies. 

The University library collections offer very abundant facili- 
ties for students. They are ample in the number of books adapted 
to the different schools and are so situated as to be easily acces- 
sible; generally within the school buildings. They consist of: 

The College collection. 

The Law collection. 

The Medical collection. 

The Pharmacy collection. 

The Theodore Menges Library of the Dental School, and 

The Theological collection. 

Chicago Library (462,361 volumes, January, 191 2) is on 
Michigan Avenue and Washington Street, five minutes' walk from 
the school. It is one of the finest libraries in the country. Students 
may receive books from this library when vouched for by responsible 
persons known to the officials. This library has also many branch 



26 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



offices in different parts of the city, from which books may be re- 
ceived on application. These are convenient to many of the board- 
ing places of students. 

The Newberry Library is very large (285,000 volumes, Jan- 
uary, 1912), and, besides general works, has also a large medical and 
dental library. It is on North Clark Street and Walton Place, and 
may be reached in a ten minutes' walk. This is a reference library, 
and books can be used only in its reading rooms. 

The John Crerar Library (270,000 volumes, January, 
1912), occupies one and one-half floors in the Marshall Field Build- 
ing, corner Wabash Avenue and Washington Street. It is devoted 
mainly to the natural, the physical and the social sciences, with their 
applications. It is a most excellent collection of books. It is a 
reference library, and its books are used only in its reading rooms. 

These libraries are accessible to our students, and they will find 
in them not only a very large collection of books, but also men in 
attendance who are able and willing to assist students in finding 
information upon any given subject. 

There are a large number of other libraries, both general and on 
special subjects, that are available to the student who may wish to 
make proper and legitimate use of them. 

Text-Books 

Text-books will be on sale in the Theodore Menges Library of 
the school at publishers' prices. There will be a small profit from 
the sale of these books, which will be used for the benefit of the 
library. Students are invited to purchase their books in the school 
and aid the library. Each student will be required to have the books 
designated below. The Reference books are in the library and may 
be used as needed. 

FIRST YEAR 

Anatomy — Cunningham (new edition). $6.00 Cloth. $7.00 Sheep. 

Dental Anatomy — Black. $2.50. 

Operative Dentistry — Black. $10.00. 

Prosthetic Dentistry — Prothero. $5.00. 

Physiology— Kirkes. $3.00. Wiggin. $2.00. 

Exercises in Chemistry for Laboratory — McPherson & Henderson. $1.25. 

Histology — Schafer. Essentials of Histology, Descriptive and Practical. $3.50. 

Medical Dictionary— Stedman. $4.50. Gould. $1.00. 

SECOND YEAR 

Anatomy — (Same as first year.) 

Operative Dentistry — Black. (Same as first year.) 

Prosthetic Dentistry — Prothero. (Same as first year.) 

Physiology — (Same as first year.) 

Materia Medica — Prinz. $5.00. 

Pathology— Wiggin. $2.00. 

Chemistry — Moore's Outlines of Organic Chemistry. $1.50. 

Comparative Anatomy — Thompson. $1.50. 

Histology — Noyes. 



THEDENTALSCHOOL 27 



THIRD YEAR 

Operatize Dentistry — Black. (Same as first and second years.) 
Prosthetic Dentistry — Prothero. (Same as first and second years.) 
Oral Surgeiy — Blair's Special Surgery of the Mouth. 

McCurdy's Oral Surgery. 
Orthodontia — Angle. $5.00. 
Dental Jurisprudence — Rehfuss. 
Bacteriology— Williams. $2.00. 

Reference Books 

American System of Dentistry. 

Manual of Plate Work— Haskell. 

Crown and Bridge Work — Evans. 

Diseases and Injury of the Teeth — Smale and Colyer. 

Principles of Surgery — Senn. 

The American Text-Book of Prosthetic Dentistry — Essig or Turner. 

The American Text-Book of Operative Dentistry — Kirk. 

Micro-Organisms of the Human Mouth — Miller. 

Micho-Organisms — McFarland. 

Dental Pathology and Pharmacology — Burchard. 

Oral Surgery— Garretson. 

Long's Chemistry. 

Comparative Dental Anatomy — Tomes, Thompson. 

Regional Anatomy of the Head and Neck — Eckley. 

Anatomy — Morris, Eckley. 

Histology — Piersol. 

Materia Medica — Stevens, Butler. 

Instruments 

The instruments essential to the students in the several depart- 
ments of the school have been carefully studied and determined. 
Much care has been taken in the selection of the instrument 
sets that the variety of forms may be sufficient for the student's 
needs without being excessive. Close study of this subject and long, 
careful observation of students and the progress they make in the 
attainment of manipulative skill show their progress to be closely 
related to their instrument equipment. Therefore this school must 
demand that the instrument sets required be obtained by each stu- 
dent as a condition to his continuance in school work. 

In operative dentistry it is found that a close adherence to the 
formula plan, in the study of cutting instruments particularly, is 
essential in teaching the important subject of cavity preparation, and 
this will be carried out critically in all the departments of the 
school. This teaching is begun in the technic classes and the same 
lines of instruction are followed progressively by teachers and demon- 
strators in all of the departments to the end of the Senior year, the 
same instrument sets being used throughout the course of study. 

In prosthetic dentistry and in the several laboratories a similar 
care as to instruments is maintained. 



28 



NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



The instruments in the list are required because they are essen- 
tial to the student's progress, and students must provide them. 
Students should not bring with them, nor purchase, instruments of 
other patterns, for they cannot be received as equivalents of the 
required sets. They are the same as those that have been required in 
former years. No student is required to make changes in his instru- 
ment sets during his three years' course, and these instruments form 
his instrument equipment for entering practice after graduation. 



Instruments and Appliances Required During the 

Freshman Year 

cutting instruments. 

1 each, Burnishers, Nos. 2, 26, 28. 

1 Instrument Roll. 

1 Hand Mallet, No. 5. 

1 pair Foil Carriers, No. 12. 

1 Cement Spatula, No. 24. 

1 Mixing Tablet, No. 2. 

1 Mortar and Pestle, No. 2. 

1 oz. Absorbent Cotton. 

1 Arkansas Stone, 2x5xJ^ inches. 

1 Bottle of Oil. 

1 Root Canal Plugger, No. 35. 

1 Root Canal Plugger, No. 36. 

1 box narrow Polishing Strips, assorted. 

2 Broach Holders, handles of dissimilar 
color. 

1 package Barbed Broaches, assorted. 

1 box round gutta-percha root canal points, 

assorted. 
1 Alcohol Lamp with Annealing Tray. 
1 sheet Steel for Matrices, gauge 3-1000. 
1 sheet Copper for Matrices, gauge 26. 
1 Lowell Pin Vise. 
1 Boley Millimeter Gauge. 
1 Revolving Head Engine Bit Holder. 
1 Pocket Lens, two glasses. 
6 Medicine Bottles. 
1 each, Engine Burs, Nos. V 2 , 1, 3. 5, 7, 

11, 16. 
1 box Piano Wire, length 6 in., gauge 25. 
1 Grobet File, half round, 5 in., No. 1. 
1 Grobet File, half round, 5 in., No. 3. 

SPECIALS FOR FRESHMEN. 

NOT REQUIRED AFTER THE FRESHMAN YEAR. 

1 Work Box. 

1 Card Board arranged for Tooth Sections. 

1 Card > Board arranged for Instrumenta- 
tion. 

1 set (6) Ivory Carving Blocks. 

12 small Wood Blocks for Mounting. 

1 Tooth Brush Handle. 

1 Stick Black Sealing Wax. 

1 Spool Black Silk. 

1 piece Brass Tubing for cleaning files, 
2^x6 inches. 

50 pieces Brass Wire, 4}4 inches long, 
gauge 13. 





ORDINARIES. 






HATCHETS. HOES. 






12-5-6 12-5-6 






8-3-6 8-3-6 






6-2-6 6-2-6 






12-5-12 12-5-12 






8-3-12 8-3-12 






6-2-12 6-2-12 






12-5-23 12-5-23 






8-3-23 8-3-23 






6-2-23 6-2-23 






SPECIALS. 






ENAMEL HATCHETS. 




Right, 


20-9-12 Left, 


20-9-12 


Right, 


15-8-12 Left, 


15-8-12 


Right, 


10-6-12 Left, 

SPOONS. 


10-6-12 


Right, 


20-9-12 Left, 


20-9-12 


Right, 


15-8-12 Left, 


15-8-12 


Right, 


10-6-12 Left, 

GINGIVAL MARGIN TRIMMERS. 


10-6-12 


Right, 


20-(95)-9-12 Left, 20-(95)-9-12 


Right, 


20-(80)-9-12 Left, 20-(80)-9-12 


Right, 


15-(95)-8-12 Left, 15-(95)-8-12 


Right, 


15-(80)-8-12 Left, 15-(80)-8-12 


BIN-ANGLE CHISELS. STRAIGHT CHISELS. 




20-9-6 20 




15-8-6 15 




10-6-6 10 




SIDE INSTRUMENTS. 




HATCHETS. CLEOID. 


DISCOID. 


5-3-28 


3-2-28 20-2-12 
AMALGAM PLUGGERS. 


20-3-12 


30x10-7-12 10x30-7-12 


35-7-12 




15-7-12 


1 Expl 


lorer, No. 3. 




1 each 


, Plugger Points, University. 




6x12-6-10 Parallelogram. 




5-10-3 Round. 




10-10-3 Round. 




20x5-2-18 Foot. 




Automatic Handle, No. 4. 




1 Black's special holding instrument. 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 



29 



In Addition to the Instruments and Appliances Used in the Freshman Year, the 

Following are Required in the Operative Clinic During 

the Junior and Senior Years. 

GOLD FILLING INSTRUMENTS. 



1 Automatic Mallet, 
1 each Plugger Points. 



5- 1-23 
5- 2-23, 
5-10- 3, 
7^4-10 
10-10 
5- 1 



7/ 2 - 
lOx 5- 
5x10- 
6x12- 
12x 6- 
20x 5- 
15x 5- 
15x 5- 



Round. 

Round. 

Round. 

Round. 

Round. 

Bayonet. 

Bayonet. 

Parallelogram. 

Parallelogram. 
6-10, Parallelogram. 
6-10, Parallelogram. 
2-18, Foot. 
5-12, Foot. 
3-18, Foot. 



FINISHING INSTRUMENTS. 

1 set of 3 Finishing Knives. 

1 set of 6 File-cut Finishing Files. 

1 Black's Saw Frame. 

1 doz. Kaeber's Saws, one edge. 

1 doz. Thread Saws. 



AMALGAM PLUGGERS. 



15x25-7-12 



12 



35x15-7-12 
25x7-12 

SCALERS. 
"G. V. Black School Set of Scalers, 
instruments, as follows: 
1 pair of Peridental Explorers, 15-8-6, R 

and L. 
1 pair of Pull Scalers, 15, F. and B. (for 

ward and backward curved blades) 
1 pair of Pull Scalers, 15-8-6, R. and L. 
1 pair of Pull Scalers, 15-8-12, R. and L. 
1 pair of Push Scalers, 15-8-12, R. and L 
1 Cleoid Scaler, 25. 
1 Sickle Scaler, 20. 



ENGINE AND INSTRUMENTS. 
Sizes of Burs are given in tenths of 

millimeters. 

Burs, Round Sizes 6 

Nos. \i 

1 Dental Engine. 

Burs, Inverted Sizes 6 

Cone Nos. 33*4 

Burs, Fissure Sizes 6 

sq. end Nos. 55 }4 

Burs, Finishing, Sizes 20 

oval Nos. 218 219 222 Bud 225 

Drills, bi-beveled Sizes 8 10 12 16 

Nos. 100 101 102 104 

Drills, sq. end Sizes 8 10 

Nos. 114 115 

Contra-angle hand piece and burs for en- 
gine. 
1 Porte Polisher, No. 307. 

1 box Wood Polishing Points. 

2 Mandrels, No. 303. 



34 

8 
56 

25 



12 16 


20 


3 5 


7 


12 16 


20 


36 38 


40 


12 16 


20 


58 60 


62 


40 Bud 


25 



1 Mandrel, Morgan-Maxfield. 

1 box Emery Paper Disks, x / 2 inch, grits 

Nos. 00, 1. 
1 box each Sand Paper Disks, % inch, 

grits Nos. 00, 1. 
1 box each Cuttlefish Paper Disks, l / 2 and 

H inch. 
1 doz. Three Cornered Rubber Polishing 

Disks. 

ACCESSORIES. 
1 "Northwestern" Instrument Case. 
1 Mouth Mirror, Nc. 3. 
1 Rubber Dam Punch. 
1 Universal Rubber Dam Clamp Forceps. 
1 pair Special Third-Molar Rubber Dam 

Clamps, right and left. 
1 each Rubber Dam Clamps, Nos. 5, 9, 

14, 18. 
1 Hatch Cervical Clamp. 
1 pair Rubber Dam Clamps for Roots. 
1 spool of Waxed Floss. 

1 Rubber Dam Holder. 

2 Rubber Dam Weights. 

1 Water Syringe, No. 22. 

1 Chip Syringe, with valve in the back 

end. 
1 Abscess Syringe, No. 33. 
1 Cotton Holder. 

1 package Barbed Root Broaches, assorted. 

2 Smooth Broaches. 

1 Glass Slab for sterilizing broaches. 

1 sheet Base Plate Gutta-Percha. 

1 each Explorers, Nos. 3, 13, 14. 

1 Universal Separator, Perry or Worsley. 



MEDICINE LIST. 

Case Medicine Bottles. 

oz. Dioxogen, 3 per cent. 

oz. Campho-Phenique. 

oz. Oil Cassia, 1; Phenol, 2; Oil Win- 
tergreen, 3. 

oz. Eugenol. 

oz. Eucalyptol. 

oz. Phenol, 95 per cent. 

oz. Cresol and Formalin. 

oz. Tincture of Iodine. 

oz. Glycerine, Iodine and Zinc. 

oz. Tinct. Aconite, 1; Iodine, 1; Chloro- 
form, 1. 

oz. Dialized Iron. 

oz. Solution Sub-Sulphate of Iron. 

oz. Orthoform and Europhen Paste. 

oz. Chlora Percha. 

Small Stick of Silver Nitrate. 



SURGICAL CASE (Seniors Only). 
1 Leather Pocket Case. 
1 Scalpel, 1^-inch blade. 
1 Tenaculum. 
1 Sharp Steel Probe. 
1 Silver Probe. 



30 



NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



Grooved Director. 

Exploring Needle." 

pair Artery Forceps, 4J^ inch. 

pair Surgeon's Scissors, 4J^ inch, straight. 

PROSTHETIC DENTISTRY. 
Plaster Bowl, "B." 
Plaster Spatula, No. 17. 
each Impression Trays, Uppers Nos. 2, 

3, 22. 
each Impression Trays, Lowers Nos. 3, 

15, 25. 
"Improved Snow" Occluding Frame. 
Snow's Face Bow. 
box Pink Wax. 
Prother's Wax Spatula, 
iron Vulcanite Flask. 
Flask Wrench, No. 10. 
Vulcanite File, D. E., half round, 8 

inches, 
each Vulcanite Chisels, Nos. 14, 15. 
each Kingsley's Finishers, Nos. 4, 5, 6. 
Felt Cone, large blunt. 
Felt Wheel, No. 2. 
each Brush Wheels, Nos. 4, 20, 26. 
Lathe Chucks. 
Carborundum Wheel, l^xJ4 inch, grit 

"B." 
Carborundum Wheel, 1J^xJ4 inch, grit 

"D." 
Mechanical Saw Frame, 
dozen each Mechanical Saws, Nos. 00, 2. 
pair Plate Shears, Heinisch. 
pair Curved Plate Shears, No. 5. 
pair Round-nosed Pliers, A l /z inches, No. 

107. 
pair Flat-nosed Pliers, Ay 2 inches, No. 

104. 
pair Prothero's Contouring Pliers. 
Horn Mallet. 
Plate Punch, No. 1. 
Solder Tweezers, "A." 
Solder Tweezers, "L." 
pair Reese's Solder Pliers. 
Prothero's Plate Burnisher. 
Compound Blow Pipe. 
Asbestos Soldering Block, No. 2. 
Borax Slate. 
Plate File, Grobert, half round, 5 inches, 

No. 3. 
Gas Burner, No. 12, with spider. 



gauge. 



18 inches Rubber Tubing, l A inch. 

54 inches Rubber Tubing, ^ e inch. 

1 spool Annealed Iron Wire, 36 

y 2 lb. Special Asbestos. 

1 Melotte's Moulding Outfit. 

3 lbs. Babbit Metal. 

3 lbs. Counter-Die Metal. 

1 set of (2) Casting Rings. 

1 can Calcar or Moulding Sand. 

5 dwts. Silver Solder. 

1 bottle Separating Fluid. 

Yi lb. Modeling Composition. 

3 sheets Sandpaper, No. 1. 

4 sheets Red Maroon Rubber. 
1 bottle Shellac Varnish. 

1 oz. Powdered Soapstone. 
1 box Crystal Borax. 
4 inches Steel Wire, % inch diameter. 
12 inches German Silver Wire, 16 gauge. 
1 Wire Soldering Frame, 4x4 inches. 
1 pair Pliers, No. 121. 
1 pair Plate Nippers, No. 3M. 
1 Riveting Hammer "B." 
1 piece of German Silver Plate, 22 gauge. 
1 piece Aluminum Plate, 18 gauge. 
1 pair Case Cleavers. 

1 pair Prothero's Files with No. 8 handles. 
1 pair Crown and Collar Scissors, No. 11. 
1 pair Contouring Pliers (optional), Ben- 
son's. 



SPECIAL FOR JUNIORS. 

1 Martin Screw Plate, holes Nos. to 12, 

series "B." 
1 Draw Plate, special. 
I/2 lb. German Silver Plate, 28 gauge. 
12 inches German Silver Wire, 14 gauge. 
12 inches German Silver Wire, 16 erauge. 
12 inches Stub's Steel Wire, 93-1000. 

SPECIAL FOR SENIORS. 
PORCELAIN INSTRUMENTS. 

1 "K" Pliers. 

] "K & D" Pin Vise. 

1 pair Ball Pliers. 

1 Porcelain Carving Instrument. 

2 Camel Hair Brushes. 

1 set Thompson's Burnishers, Nos. 1, 2, 
5, 8. 



In addition to the above list it is recommended strongly that each student obtain 
the quadrangle instruments, both the direct and the back-action, and the back-action 
pluggers to be used by mallet pressure. It is also recommended that each student 
obtain his own furnace for porcelain work and his own device for casting gold 
inlays, and make use of these while in school. 

Summer Clinics 
The clinic rooms will be open all the year for the benefit of 
students who may wish to have greater experience in clinical practice 
under competent supervision. The number of demonstrators during 
the summer will be ample for the class that may choose to remain 
with the school. The clinical material is abundant, and an excellent 
opportunity is afforded for clinical practice. 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 31 

The value and adequacy of the clinical instruction and experi- 
ence in practice to students is inestimable. The extent of it can be 
best understood by an examination of the subjoined condensed tab- 
ular statement, extracted from the Examiner's report for the year 
ending June 30, 1912: 

ASSIGNMENTS OF PATIENTS TO STUDENTS JULY I, igil, TO JUNE 

30, I9I2 

General Special Total 

July, 191 1 271 37 308 

August 324 67 391 

September 593 436 1,029 

Total Summer Vacation.. ...... 1,188 540 1,728 

October, 191 1 587 391 978 

November 574 367 941 

December , 476 268 744 

January, 1912 561 365 926 

February 549 406 955 

March 607 415 1,022 

April 556 326 882 

May 551 247 798 

Total in Course 4,461 2,785 7,246 

June 293 77 370 

Total for twelve months 5,942 3,402 9,344 

Transferred from last year 337 

Total 9,68 1 

The special patients are assigned to such students of their ac- 
quaintance as they ask to have take care of their cases, while the 
general patients are assigned by the Examiner to such students as 
need the particular experience and practice that their cases involve. 
Many of these general patients have come to the school for a num- 
ber of years and continue to come in the same manner as they would 
go to the office of a dental practitioner. The school has thus ac- 
quired a very large clinic, really large enough for the instruction of 
a fairly large class of students, but the students are encouraged to 
have their friends ask for their especial services, as a step in the 
direction of the teaching of practice building. 



32 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



The operations performed for these 9,681 patients during the 
year were 48,858 in the Operative, 3,820 in the Prosthetic, 317 in 
the Oral Surgery, and 1,430 in the Orthodontia Department; a 
total of 54,425 separate operations. Among the operations per- 
formed in the Operative Clinic were: 

11,111 fillings of all descriptions. 
2,964 root fillings. 
1,209 pulps devitalized. 
1,254 plupa removed under cocain. 
823 dead pulps removed. 
56 cases of pericementitis treated. 
52 cases of pyorrhea treated. 
2,031 cases of removal of calcareous deposits. 
6,135 cases of extraction. 
617 cases of administration of general anesthetics. 
458 cases of administration of local anesthetics. 

13 porcelain inlays. 
562 cast gold inlays. 
In the Prosthetic Department were made and inserted: 

254 gold and porcelain bridges 826 teeth 

573 shell crowns 573 teeth 

44 Richmond crowns 44 teeth 

12 porcelain crowns 12 teeth 

64 banded Logan and cast base Davis crowns 64 teeth 

430 plain Logan or Davis crowns 430 teeth 

687 artificial dentures 6,870 teeth 

Total teeth restored or replaced 8,8 19 

There were 915 plates, crowns and bridges repaired. There were also one prac- 
tical surgical splint and one complete obturator made and applied 
Of the 687 artificial dentures inserted there were: 
2 continuous gum plates. 
8 gold plates. 
1 celluloid plate. 
7 aluminum plates. 
1 Watts metal plate. 
668 vulcanite plates. 



THEDENTALSCHOOL 33 

Fees and Expenses 
The annual fees in force for the year 19 12-19 13 are as follows: 

FIRST YEAR 

Matriculation Fee $ 5.00 

Tuition 150.00 

Anatomy Ticket 5.00 

Chemical Laboratory 5.00 

Histological Laboratory 5.00 

Breakage Fee 1.00 

Locker Fee .50 

$171.50 

SECOND YEAR 

Registration Fee $ 5.00 

Tuition 1 50.00 

Anatomy Ticket 5.00 

Chemical Laboratory 5.00 

Histological Laboratory 5.00 

Breakage Fee 1.00 

Locker Fee .50 

$171.50 

THIRD YEAR 

Registration Fee $ 5.00 

Tuition 1 50.00 

Final Examination 15.00 

Breakage Fee 1.00 

Locker Fee .50 

$171.50 
Time When Payment of Fees Are Due 

The registration fee must accompany the application for matric- 
ulation. 

Tuition and the anatomical and breakage fees are payable at the 
beginning of the school year, and not later than October 20th. 

The final examination fee, for Seniors, is payable at the begin- 
ning of these examinations, and before the candidates for graduation 
can be admitted to them. 

The Tuition Fee may, at the option of the student, be paid in 
two or three installments. If paid in two installments, $78.00 must 



34 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



be paid not later than Ocober 20th, and $75.00 on February 20th. 
If paid in three installments, $55.00 must be paid not later than 
October 20th, $50.00 on January 20th, and $50.00 on April 20th. 

students' extra funds 

Students who bring with them larger amounts of funds than 
their immediate requirements necessitate may deposit the same in the 
University business office, in the rotunda on first floor, and draw on 
this deposit from time to time as needed. 

students' lockers 

Lockers for the keeping of students' instruments, engines and 
extra garments are furnished at a rental of 50 cents per annum. Each 
student is required to furnish padlocks of his own for his lockers. 

RETURN OF FEES 

Fees are not returned to students who are suspended or dismissed 
or absent for any cause except illness, and then only as a special con- 
cession by the Trustees. 

HOW PAYMENTS SHOULD BE MADE 

Payments should be made in currency or in Chicago exchange, 
drawn to the order of the Secretary of Northwestern University 
Dental School. 

ROOMS AND BOARD 

Rooms and board may be obtained in neighborhoods convenient 
to the school at $5.00 to $8.00 a week. Rooms without board, fur- 
nished or unfurnished, may be had at $6.00 to $10.00 a month. 

A department of the Y. M. C. A. is maintained in our Univer- 
sity Building, which looks especially to the students' interest in this 
direction. 

In case students are compelled to do some outside work to assist 
them while attending school, this department will also endeavor to 
secure such employment as the student may be able to do without 
detriment to his educational work. 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 



35 



Course for Graduates and Practitioners 

The course opens on June 13, 1 912, and continues four weeks, 
with six days of teaching each week. It includes two hours of lec- 
tures and six hours of practical teaching each day, by members of 
the regular staff of the School. Especial attention is given to por- 
celain and gold inlays, crowns, bridge work of all kinds, the treat- 
ment of pyorrhoea, and the most recent methods in Operative Den- 
tistry, Oral Surgery, and Orthodontia. The studies for 1912 are: 

Operative Dentistry and Special Pathology — Professor G. V. 
Black, assisted by Professor A. D. Black, and others. 

Histology, as Applied to Operative Dentistry — Professor Fred- 
erick B. Noyes. 

Oral Surgery — Professor Gilmer and assistants. 

Prosthetic Dentistry — Professor Prothero and assistants. 

Orthodontia — Professor Sellery. 

Certificates are given to those who complete the course. 

practitioners' course fees 

Registration $ 5.00 

Tuition for one subject 45.00 

Tuition for two or three subjects 60.00 

Tuition for the entire course 70.00 

Graduates of this School are allowed a reduction of 20 per cent 
from these fees. 

POST-GRADUATE COURSE LECTURE SCHEDULE, igi2 
HOURS MON. TUES. WED. 

8:30 — 9:30 Gethro Gilmer Sellery 

9:30 — 10:30 Prothero Willard Prothero 

HOURS THURS. FRI. SAT. 

8:30— 9:30 A. D. Black Sellery A. D. Black 

9:30 — 10:30 Willard Noyes Prothero 

Oral Surgery Clinic — Dr. Gilmer. Friday, 10:30 — 12:30. 

Extracting Clinic — Dr. Stowell. 1 :30 p. m. Monday and 
Wednesday. 

Anesthesia — Dr. Potts. 1 :30 p. m. Tuesday and Thursday. 

The laboratory and clinic will occupy the rest of the time. 



36 



NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



Register of Students 1911-1912 



THIRD YEAR 



Aaronian, Aaron Manoog. .Armenia 

Akesson, Axel Wictor Sweden 

Amoedo, Antoine Louis M. J. H. 

France 

Applebee, Alpha Bowers Illinois 

Babcock, William Illinois 

Bailey, George Watson Wisconsin 

Ball, Ralph Thomas Illinois 

Basford, Harry Lea Wisconsin 

Basford, L. P Wisconsin 

Bass, Feris Achile Texas 

Bodorff, Ernst Viktor Sweden 

Boone, Thomas Eugene. . .California 

Brady, Charles Thomas Illinois 

Braxton, Fred Jesse Illinois 

Carlisle, Thomas T Illinois 

Carlm, Leo Francis Pennsylvania 

Cashin, William Roy Wisconsin 

Collins, Camillus Carl Iowa 

Cook, John Richard Williams.Indiana 

Corby, Earnest Edward Kansas 

Croessmann, June William. . .Illinois 

Culp, Corydon Alonzo Illinois 

Cusack, Cecil Geo. Henry. .Australia 
Davis, John Harrison. .South Dakota 

Deans, Andrew Allan Canada 

Deeble, Albert Leslie. . .South Dakota 

Dore, George David South Dakota 

Dunlap, Robert Murray Arizona 

Dush, Verna Roscoe Illinois 

Edlund, Eskill Walter Illinois 

Etzbach, Bruno Anton Illinois 

Faller, Edward George. .. .Wisconsin 
Freedlund, Gustav Reginald. Florida 

Freeman, Charles West Vermont 

Freeman, Louis George Indiana 

Genter, James Henry Illinois 

Gerner, Otto Gerhard Illinois 

Gish, Edson Joseph Minnesota 

Green, James Monroe Texas 

Hanrahan, Eugene Patrick. .. .Illinois 
Harmon, Herbert Newel. .Wisconsin 

Harris, Julius Charles Michigan 

Heil, Henry Anthony Wisconsin 

Hobson, Fred Nae Iowa 

Hoffman, Augustus Knight Iowa 

Hojem, Johan Norway 



Hughes, Edmund Joseph 

North Dakota 

Jamieson, Roy Canada 

Johnson, Ernest W. H Tennessee 

Kennedy, Ernest Canada 

Kroschel, Maxie Leo Texas 

Larsen, Leif Norway 

Linn, Oliver Reinhold. .South Dakota 

Love, William John Minnesota 

McElrath, Hugh McCorkle. Kentucky 

Macko, Frank, Jr Illinois 

Marshall, Roy Albert Michigan 

Massey, Robert Rollin, A.B.. Indiana 
Mattice, Clyde Merril. ...Washington 
Miller, Guy Morris. .. .South Dakota 

Murfey, St. Clair Mexico 

Nelson, Alex Clark Wisconsin 

Numa, Kenichi Japan 

Parson, Jrhn Moore Canada 

Pelton, John Gordinier. .. .Wisconsin 

Pickles, Nathan Corr Missouri 

Postle, Merten Meyne Ohio 

Randolph, Milton Fitz. . .Washington 

Rapp, Daniel Webster Illinois 

Rice, Warren Earl Wisconsin 

Rice, William John Illinois 

Rogers, Neil Oscar Illinois 

Root, Chester Ralph Illinois 

Rose, Leonard Adam. . .North Dakota 
Rowland, Thomas Jefferson. Arkansas 
Schroder, Bernard, Paul Marie. 

France 

Schrup, Karl Lawrence Iowa 

Schumacher, Frank Paul Illinois 

Schweiger, George Fred'k Iowa 

Sheetz, Roscoe Martin Illinois 

Shoore, Leo J Illinois 

Sieber, Edward LeRoy, A.B.. Indiana 

Simon, Manuel Saul Tennessee 

Skinner, Claude Wm. Harris. Canada 

Smith, George Edwin Illinois 

Stamp, Joseph William, Jr. . .Indiana 
Stander, William Albert. . .Michigan 
Stenborg, John Adolph A., A.B.. 

Minnesota 

Stephens, George Jefferson. Tennessee 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 



37 



Swords, Collins Ward Louisiana 

Tawney, Pliny Lane Illinois 

Tull, Allison Lee, A.B Illinois 

Tuttle, Merle Harrison Michigan 

Ulvestad, George Elmer. .Minnesota 

Unseitig, Clyde Illinois 

Urbanowicz, Henry John Illinois 

Vander Henst, Julio Jose France 



Vaughan, Charles Homer. .Michigan 

Vyverberg, Arnold Elmer Iowa 

Weding, Alfred Norway 

Williams, John Dyke Iowa 

Wilson, Leland Stuart. . .Washington 

Yoshida, Yonekichi Beijiu Japan 

Young, Roy Mercer Illinois 



SECOND YEAR 



Adams, Fred Wright Iowa 

Aicher, Francis James Illinois 

Anderson, Fred William Iowa 

Anderson, Henry Adolph. .Wisconsin 

Armbruster, Carl Germany 

Avery, Willard Smith Colorado 

Auter, Stephen Lytle Illinois 

Bacon, Francis Erastus, B.S.. .Illinois 

Barickman, Earl Wade Illinois 

*Blagg, Joseph Peter Ohio 

Blayney, James Roy Illinois 

Bloomquist, Guy Illinois 

fBradbury, Arthur Rexford. .Illinois 

Buerstetta, Frank Allen Nebraska 

Burkhart, Ralph Illinois 

Burton, Walter Ellis Minnesota 

Butler, Guy Goldthorp Iowa 

Butler, Leigh Edward Iowa 

Carroll, A. Percy Canada 

Carter, Woodward Lee, B.A..Missouri 
Christopherson, Henry Ole. Minnesota 

Clark, Joseph S Illinois 

Clark, Ralph Edward Utah 

Clark, Ralph Llewellyn Illinois 

Cohen, Abraham Aaron Illinois 

Cohn, Louis Leonard Illinois 

Connors, James Thomas Ohio 

Dalby, Hubert F Utah 

Dallager, Roy Arthur Minnesota 

Davis, Joseph Hiram Utah 

Davis, Ned Everett Iowa 

Diers, Carl Everett Nebraska 

Ekins, George Warren Utah 

Evans, Lauren Reid Illinois 

Ferm, Julius William M Iowa 

Ford, Vernon Smith Canada 

Forrester, John Lawson M. . .B. W. I. 

Freeland, Henry Lloyd Canada 

Geannelis, Iphicrates E Turkey 

Geering, Walter Henry A... Canada 

•Not in Attendance. 

fDid not complete course. 



Goldberg, Philip David Illinois 

Gordon, Meyer Arthur Illinois 

Green, Julius Caesar Illinois 

Greenberg, Isadore Moses. .. .Illinois 

Griffin, Homer Illinois 

Gruber, Max Frederick Ohio 

Guzman, Sergius Benignus. . .Mexico 
Halverson, Joseph Edward. Wisconsin 

Hanna, Charles Madison Georgia 

Hartman, Leroy Leo Canada 

Haseltine, Lawrence Floyd 

North Dakota 

Hein, Eugene G. A Wisconsin 

Heller, John Frederick Illinois 

Henderson, George Wm Illinois 

Hill, Percy Archibald Australia 

Hillenbrand, John Alois. . .Wisconsin 

Hiner, Arthur Augustus Ohio 

Hoffman, Arthur Alfred. . .Wisconsin 

Holmberg, Gale Lloyd Wisconsin 

Honoroff, Henry Aria Illinois 

Horwits, Maurice Albert Illinois 

Ingledew, Walter Beacons- 
field Illinois 

*Irons, Charles Glenn. West Virginia 
Johnson, Gordon George. . .Wisconsin 

Kelly, Ernst Joseph Canada 

Krakow, George Joseph Iowa 

Leonhard, George John Illinois 

*Littlefield, Edgar Earle. Washington 

Luther, Earl O Michigan 

McKenna, William Louis. .Michigan 
McKenzie, Alfred Frederick. .Illinois 

Markle, Fred Lagozia Illinois 

Marlatt, Samuel Paul H Canada 

Mitchell, Ralph Massachusetts 

Morris, Ivor Hugh Illinois 

Morse, Mervyn Neale Australia 

Newling, Percival Ray Australia 

Nonnamaker, Fred Clarence. .. .Ohio 



38 



NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



Ofner, Spencer Everett Illinois 

Olech, Joseph Benjamin Russia 

Oppermann, Anna Agnes Illinois 

*Ordon, Henry James Russia 

Osborne, Albert Henry Kentucky 

Oury, Georges Belgium 

Pederson, George Nicholas. .. .Illinois 

Pfening, Ernest Illinois 

Pooley, Alexander Beach Illinois 

Potter, Daniel Clyde Michigan 

Prettyman, Ralph Walter. .Kentucky 

Price, Ernest Edwin Illinois 

Randall, Earl William Iowa 

Reynolds, Elzy Illinois 

Rietdyk, John Illinois 

Sahr, Benjamin F. F Minnesota 

Schellenberger, Walter H.. Wisconsin 
Schniedwind, Ernest Ambrose, 

A.B Illinois 

Seaborg, John Wesley Illinois 

Senseney, Harry Edwin, B.S. . . .Iowa 



Shain, Clarence Lawson Illinois 

Sherman, Everett Eugene Illinois 

Shoaf, Ulysses Uriah Kansas 

Siegle, John Charles Washington 

Silknitter, John Powelson Iowa 

Smith, Ivan Edgar Indiana 

Sprague, Delbert Oscar Iowa 

*Sutcliff, Robert Alphonso. .. .Kansas 
Swendiman, George Albert. Minnesota 

Tait, Edwin Sims Canada 

fVan Patten, Percival Hall.... Utah 

Ward, Myron Earl Minnesota 

Warren, Crawford Washington 

Washburn, Cecil Dieckmann. .Illinois 
Werner, Clarence Edward. . .Illinois 

Williamson, Guy Wm Illinois 

Windheim, Otto William Illinois 

Wise, Lloyd Hill Illinois 

Woodford, Clark Burton. . .Wisconsin 

Wyatt, James Nicolas Tennessee 

Young, William Merki Illinois 



FIRST YEAR 



Anderson, Ross Utah 

Armour, Ross Andrew, B.S.Nebraska 

Babbitt, George Mason Illinois 

Barkley, Gordon Charles. . .Australia 
Bechtel, Ray Emery. . . .North Dakota 

fBell, Elmer Andrew Wisconsin 

Benson, John Theodore Illinois 

Bernhisel, Everett Clark Utah 

Bernhisel, John Milton, Jr Utah 

fBly, Elmer Lee Minnesota 

Brandt, Roy Obert Montana 

Brooks, Anthony Wayne, B.S. 

Mississippi 

fBrown, Francis Nathaniel 

New Mexico 

f Bruce, Harold Columbus Iowa 

Buchner, Elkanah Marshall. .Canada 

Buchner, John Ernest Illinois 

Buttery, Horace Cayley England 

Bybee, Jefferson Frank Utah 

Camacho, Jorge Albert 

Chappell, Rollo Mann Illinois 

South America 

Chisolm, Patrick Donald, B.A. 

Alabama 

Christensen, Thomas Selmer. .Illinois 

Clopper, Paul Wadsworth Illinois 

Colletti, Alexander Emanuel. .Illinois 

fDid not complete course. 



*Courrier, Ernest Adolph. .Minnesota 

Crist, Kelsey Bradford Illinois 

Crostwait, Paul Vivian Missouri 

Cruse, Milton Illinois 

Cultra, Vernon Ellsworth. .. .Illinois 

Curry, D. English Indiana 

Dallimore, Franklin Clyde Utah 

Daugherty, Frank Beeman. . .Illinois 
f Davidson, Claude Lyons. .. .Canada 

Davy, Oakley Bruce Illinois 

DeBeck, Calvin Morgan Illinois 

Dickey, James Harvey, B. S... Illinois 
Dravel, William Frederick. Wisconsin 

Dybing, Tenny Norway 

Eberle, William Roy Illinois 

Ellsworth, Jenkin Wisconsin 

Evans, Emmet Robert Iowa 

Ewing, Clyde Donald Michigan 

Feiman, Edward Morris Ohio 

Fillinger, Clinton Oscar. . .Wisconsin 
Foss, William Fritdj of .North Dakota 

Frankel, Joe Edward Wisconsin 

Fraser, Charles Lyle Montana 

Fritsch, Earl David Illinois 

Funkhouser, Ira, B.S., P.B Illinois 

Gallagher, John Connel. . .Minnesota 

fGaney, Henry Andrew Illinois 

fGrigg, Leon Allison Montana 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 



39 



Hanson, Harris Gilbert Wisconsin 

Harpham, Ralph Barwick Illinois 

Harris, Jasper Earl Iowa 

Haugen, Andrew Illinois 

Heck, Hyland Leroy Illinois 

Helm, Meredith Minnesota 

Hipsh, Henry Davis Tennessee 

Him, Frederick Joseph Michigan 

Hollister, Harvey Franklin Iowa 

Holloway, Claude Arlie Illinois 

Hopper, William Gerald. . .Colorado 
Horlick, Raymond Wesley. .. .Illinois 

Hurley, Charles Marion Indiana 

Hurt, Arthur Edward Illinois 

*Hurton, Roderick Geo. H... Canada 

Jamison, William Flavous Utah 

Jirka, Robert Hugo Illinois 

Johnson, Howard Alfred. . .Michigan 

Juel, Martin Oliver South Dakota 

Jung, Leo Henrv Illinois 

fKaplan, Nathan M Illinois 

Kato, Churgi Japan 

tKatz, Samuel Illinois 

Kennedy, John Benton Montana 

Kettlewell, Norman Lloyd. Minnesota 
King, Benjamin Harrison. .Wisconsin 

Kratky, Alfred Harry Illinois 

tKremer, Leo Wilfred. .South Dakota 

Kuehn, Nicholas Ellis Indiana 

La Grow, Asa Joseph Illinois 

Lane, Lulu Izetta Illinois 

Latham, Haidee Weeks. .. .Louisiana 

Lipsky, Julius Philip Illinois 

Lizar, Frank Aaron Wisconsin 

Lohmann, Emelia Mary. . .Wisconsin 

Loomis, Milo Bennett Iowa 

♦McNeill, Hugh Thomas 

Massachusetts 

Menges, Harry Dunbaugh. . .Illinois 
Merwin, Benjamin Stephen.Wisconsin 

Metcalfe, Earl Stanley Iowa 

Miller, Anna Laura, A.B Kansas 

fMitchell, George Hezekiah. .Illinois 
Mitchell, John Henry, B.S.Mississippi 

Mortensen, Conrad Ervin Utah 

Moughalian, Levon Bedros. . .Turkey 

Murray, Martin William Illinois 

t North, Ford John Indiana 

Olson, Caleb Jonathan Wisconsin 

Pankonin, George Franklin. Minnesota 

Parcells, Rue Priest Indiana 

Park, Lawrence Walter. . .Wisconsin 

*Xot in Attendance. 

fDid not complete course. 



Patrick, Clifford Leo South Dakota 

Penberthy, Verne Edward Illinois 

Pett, Theodore Paul Ohio 

Rea, Victor Benton Michigan 

Reeve, William Driver Utah 

Rennie, Will John Minnesota 

Rivard, George Alexander Maine 

Robinson, Samuel John Illinois 

Rogan, Nathaniel Illinois 

Rose, Ross Shibley Canada 

Rosenhouse, Aaron Jacob.. New York 

Satek, Edward Illinois 

Schmidt, Joseph James Iowa 

Schorsch, Albert Joseph Illinois 

fSchroder, Anna Elizabeth. Germany 

Schwalen, Edmund Minnesota 

Scofield, Ralph Julius Michigan 

Sears, Ralph Augustus Iowa 

tSerles, Marwin Charles. South Dakota 
tShort, Oswald Strathmore. Australia 

Slack, Roy Bernard Iowa 

Soellner, Oscar Christian Illinois 

Soucek, Edward Illinois 

Steffy, Chester Thomas Montana 

Stubbert, Frank Burton Illinois 

Sulaiman, Mohammed India 

Sullivan, Edmund Francis. .. .Illinois 

Sutton, Noah Richard Tennessee 

Templeton, Leo Allen Kansas 

Terry, Charles Roy Illinois 

Terry, Graydon Mason Texas 

Thomas, Newton George, B.A-.Iowa 

Tilton, Burge Melvin Indiana 

Tommerson, Leif Norman. Minnesota 

fVan Patten, Irvin Roy ..Utah 

Van Tassell, Harry Wilbur. .Illinois 

Vinje, Svein Illinois 

t Warner, Dayton Colorado 

Weiler, Harry Burkhart. Pennsylvania 

White, Thomas Illinois 

Williams, Aubrey Thomas. Kentucky 

Wills, Lellan Alva Wisconsin 

Wilson, Roy Melville, A.B Iowa 

tWitmeyer, Howard Yeagley 

Pennsylvania 

Wodrich, William Henry Iowa 

Wollin, Erving Illinois 

Wonder, Harold Dean Colorado 

Young, George Wiiliam Illinois 

Zak, Charles Frank Illinois 

Ziemke, Louis Wisconsin 



40 



NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



SPECIAL STUDENTS IN ANATOMY 



Baker, William Gilbert. . .New York 
Brandenburg, Earl William. .. .Ohio 

Brandon, Percy D Canada 

Bunce, Harold Ross Indiana 

Clark, Richard McCord Canada 

Clevett, Merton Lloyd Iowa 

Crook, Harold Richard. . .Washington 
Emmett, Arthur Van Tell. Minnesota 

English, Charles Herbert Nebraska 

Erickson, Louis A Wisconsin 

Forbes, Robert Ireland Kansas 

Hayn, Lloyd Edgar Illinois 

Hillebrand, W. Ray Illinois 

Hoh, Charles G China 

Holmes, David Fred Illinois 

Jeffers, Owen Ross Colorado 

Keller, Pearl H Ohio 



Kuehnl, Albert Illinois 

Leonhardt, Paul Augustus. California 
Lorentz, George Gihon. West Virginia 

Lounsberry, Chancel Ray Iowa 

Maddox, Newton M Illinois 

Miller, Nelson Thomas Ohio 

Mitchell, Robt. Andrew Kansas 

Musselman, Elias Raymond. . .Illinois 

Neavles, Claude A Nebraska 

Rother, William J Minnesota 

Schmitt, Harry Iowa 

Sexsmith, Clare Wilde Indiana 

Shaver, Arlo Edwin Iowa 

Shipley, Carl Vinnedge Ohio 

Stoll, Edwin Mallahen Kentucky 

Walters, Karl Gress Ohio 

Wheelock, Frank Bascom. .Wisconsin 



SPECIAL STUDENTS IN DENTISTRY 



Gray, Marion Lewis, D.D.S. Missouri 

Krog, Signe Marie Norway 

Landaas, Thorolf Norway 

Ormiston, Joseph Mervyn. .Australia 

Ornmark, Gunnar Sweden 

Reagin, Ira Walter, D.D.S. ...Illinois 



Stuer, Emil J., D.M Belgium 

Wittlin, Bernard, M.D., D.D.S.. 

Germany 

Woodruff, William Henry, D.D.S. 

Illinois 



PRACTITIONERS CLASS 



Barnett, James J., D.D.S. ...Missouri 
Capo, John Thomas, D.D.S. .Louisiana 

Crume, Albert L, D.D.S Arkansas 

DeGuise, Louis, D.D.S Canada 

Ellsworth, Lewis Norman, D.D.S. 

Utah 

Engelmann, Andrew W., D.D.S. Iowa 

Evans, Charles C, D.D.S Illinois 

Foust, Rufus Ewing, D.D.S. Kentucky 

Laberge, Xiste, D.D.S Canada 

Leonard, Cyreno N., D.D.S. . .Mexico 

Leonard, Mabel A Mexico 

Lightner, John Thos., Ph.G., D.D.S. 

Georgia 

Martin, Joseph Ernest, Ph.G., 

D.D.S West Virginia 

Maynes, Gordon Neill, M.D.. Canada 
Mielke, Frank Edward, D.D.S. 

Wisconsin 



Miller, Howard C„ D.D.S. .Nebraska 
Miller, James Lewis, D.D.S... .Texas 
Moore, J Franklin, M.D., D.D.S. 

Mexico 

Prosser, Charles S., D.D.S. .Louisiana 

Rambo, Marcellus Georgia 

Reque, William Arnold, D.D.S... 

Wisconsin 

Slawson, Benj. Earnest C, D.D.S. 

Missouri 

Spalsbury, James Alexander, D.D.S. 

Wisconsin 

Springer, Max, D.D.S Georgia 

Swan, Alexander James, M.D.Canada 
Taylor, Richard Porter, D.D 

Florida 

Traxler, Alexander Mitchell, 

D.D.S Michigan 



Recapitulation of Students by States and Countries 



Seniors 

Alabama 

Arizona i 

Arkansas i 

Armenia i 

Australia i 

Belgium 

California i 

Canada 5 

China 

Colorado 

England 

Florida 1 

France 3 

Georgia 

Germany 

Illinois 28 

India 

Indiana 5 

Iowa 7 

Japan 2 

Kansas 1 

Kentucky 1 

Louisiana 1 

Maine 

Massachusetts 

Mexico 1 

Michigan 5 

Minnesota 4 

Mississippi 

Missouri 1 

Montana 

Nebraska 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Dakota 3 

Norway 3 

Ohio i 

Pennsylvania 1 

Russia 

South America 

South Dakota 4 

Sweden 2 

Tennessee 3 

Texas 3 

Turkey 

Utah 

Vermont 1 

Washington 3 

West Indies 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 10 



Juniors 



Freshmen 

I 



14 



Specials 



Post- 
Grad. 



Total 



104 



119 



153 



43 



27 



446 



42 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



Officers for 1912-1913 

Albert P. Grunn, President, Chicago 

George Brown, First Vice-President, Chicago 
W. R. Neff, Second Vice-President, Chicago 

Percy B. D. Idler, Secretary and Treasurer, Chicago 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 

C. A. Young, South Chicago, 111., Chairman. 

A. D. Black, Marshall Field Bldg., Chicago.' 

J. P. Smith, Chicago 

J. W. Ritter, D.D.S., Managing Editor, Northwestern Dental 

Journal, 31 W. Lake St., Chicago. 

The annual clinics will be held Tuesday, June 10, 19 13, at the 
University Building. 

Through the medium of the Journal we have aroused a keener 
interest among the members of our Association. 

All are requested to send in material of interest. The Journal 
will serve as a medium for the exchange of friendly greetings. A 
new interest will thus be aroused, and still better work done and 
more accomplished by our Association in the future. 

All members of the Association in good standing will receive the 
Journal. The payment of their dues, annually, fifty cents, secures 
the Journal without additional cost. 

Any graduate of the Northwestern University Dental School 
may become a member of the Alumni Association upon payment of 
the membership fee of one dollar and fifty cents annually. 

We ask that the Alumni will support this undertaking even 
stronger than in the past, and cooperate earnestly with the officers 
of the Association and the Journal staff in making our official publi- 
cation a still greater success. 

For any information regarding the Association, address the 
secretary, Dr. P. B. D. Idler, 

S ecre tary-Treasu rer, 
209 S. State St., Chicago. 

For information regarding the School, write Dr. C. R. E. Koch, 
31 W. Lake St., Chicago. 




jgortfjtoestern 



If THE COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS, located 
at Evanston, in an ideal college community, offers 
special preparation for the professions, and for pur- 
suits requiring broad training. 

If THE MEDICAL SCHOOL is one of the oldest, 
largest, and best equipped. Seven hospitals are open 
to students. Clinic material is abundant. 

fl THE LAW SCHOOL, the oldest law school in 
Chicago, offers unexcelled library facilities and spe- 
cial courses that prepare for immediate practice in 
any state upon graduation. 

TfTHE COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING has its 
own building just completed, beautifully situated, a 
model of efficiency. Offers courses in all branches 
of Engineering. Technical studies in a University 
environment. 

I THE SCHOOL OF PHARMACY offers a scien- 
tific training in Pharmacy, Chemistry, and Drug and 
Food Analysis. Special courses for Drug Clerks. 

If THE DENTAL SCHOOL offers expert training 
in theory and practice. Facilities are unsurpassed. 
Its clinic is the largest in the world. 

If THE SCHOOL OF MUSIC affords a scientific 
preparation for music as an accomplishment and a 
profession. It is located at Evanston. 

If THE SCHOOL OF COMMERCE provides in- 
struction in economics, elementary and corporation 
finance, commercial law and accounting. Many 
lecturers from business and professional life. 

If EVANSTON ACADEMY prepares for college, 
for engineering, for professional schools, and for 
business. 



3 0112 105753443 



MORTHWESTERN UNI- 
11 VERSITY BULLETIN 

is published by the University 
weekly during the academic year 
at Evanston, Illinois. Entered at 
the post office at Evanston, Illi- 
nois, as second class mail matter 
under act of Congress of July 16, 

1904. 

Volume XII, Number 43 
June 21, 1912